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  • Writer's pictureBradley Bell

The Gospel with No Caboose: C2C as Creation to Church

One of my most thrilling moments as a missionary was the first time I shared the gospel in another language. If you know anything about the rigors of learning a language, the brutality of doing it full-time, and the anguish of being unable to articulate the gospel clearly (the very thing you left everything to go do), then you’re with me when I say it was sweet. I opened up my mouth and stumbled through the story of redemption stretching from creation to Christ, a method we had been trained to use called C2C. Sweeter still, was when the man with whom I shared not only responded that he believed, but asked, “Can I share this story with everyone I know?”

Umm. Yes.

But I wasn't so thrilled one year later. After striving for months to lay the foundation for a local church with him and a few other new believers, we were giving up hope that it would ever work. They were all about Christ. But the church? Ah, take it or leave it.

For some time I was wounded by their disobedience. What audacity to snub their noses at the bride of Christ! Then it hit me. It was likely my fault more than theirs. Here’s why.


Categorizing Evangelism

This was my categorical approach: evangelism, that was one thing; discipleship, that was another. I understood evangelism as the stuff that happened on the front-end, leading someone to faith in Christ. Discipleship, then, was learning to do stuff. After all, you can’t call people to obey Christ’s commands without the transforming power to do so (John 15:5). But perhaps it’s not always helpful to draw hard lines between the two. Evangelism, suggests Alan Hirsch, “gets done along the way as you do discipleship.” Jesus’ invitations were not just to believe, but to follow (Mark 3:14, Luke 9:57-62, Matthew 19:21). My invitation to the man with whom I shared the story operated out of the assumption that once he got it—got Christ—he would naturally follow through with all his commands. What happened, however, was that he hadn't known up front what exactly he was getting into.

Individualizing Discipleship

Every scene of my relationship with the man took place one-on-one: on a bus, in a cafe, at my home. We normally wouldn’t think anything of this—except that I was living in an extremely communal culture. He was being forced to make a decision that his people would never make alone. Worse than that, I was making normative a biblical abnormality: individual discipleship. Throughout the New Testament we are confronted with uncomfortable examples of entire groups coming to faith in Christ together. Three thousand on the day of Pentecost (Acts 2), Cornelius and “all who heard the message” (Acts 10), the Philippians jailer “and all his family” (Acts 16). The context of even our most beloved examples of individual conversion are riddled with communal involvement: the churches of Damascus, Jerusalem, and Antioch in Saul’s discipleship, and the entourage of the Ethiopian eunuch at his baptism. Though there is a time and place for individual investment, I had invited the man to a private relationship with God without the communion of the saints.

Minimizing Church

Not only had I left the church out through my actions, I had also flopped with my words. As mentioned, I had shared a well-oiled, expertly-contextualized version of C2C. And at the end I called for repentance and faith in Christ alone for salvation. I had even given the implication for trusting Christ: obeying all his commands, namely, making more disciples. But I made no mention of the family of God. It’s not that an opportunity for discipleship was missed. I had neglected the scope of the good news, as one of my professors once instructed me: “The church is an ingredient of the gospel.” In it we are not merely reconciled to God, but to one another (Ephesians 2:14-22). Thus the gospel includes what Gregg Allison calls a “covenantal ecclesiology,” the understanding that following Christ means a covenantal relationship with God and his church—from the very beginning. Instead, I had preached what Michael Horton calls a “contractual ecclesiology,” making the church “not only dispensable but perhaps also a hindrance to personal growth.” No wonder the man with whom I shared the gospel was always ready to have coffee with me—and ready to bounce when the rest of the church showed up!

So, I venture a solution. What if the C2C acronym actually stood for "creation to church"? Not just in the title, but the content and approach. What if our gospel proclamation among the nations included both reconciliation with God and man? For that matter, what if we attended to the full scope of the gospel, and C2C became "creation to consummation"—the making of all things new? Perhaps that is an article for another day...

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